Step-by-step for better health and life
Globally there is an epidemic of obesity, heart disease and other chronic diseases. Intake of processed foods, which are high in sugar, fat and salt and insufficient consumption of fruit, vegetables and whole grains are contributing factors to the epidemic. There are two approaches as to how we can improve what people eat: Provide information, support and encouragement to enable them to change their perception on how easy it is to eat a healthy diet. Additionally, they should be able to find an alternative that is tasty, convenient and at the same time be affordable. As all this takes time, motivation and energy, people need to practice every time they make a food decision so that it becomes a default habit (Adams J et al, 2016). To make lifestyle change, people need to understand its importance and how it can contribute towards their health and essentially care about it to motivate and sustain healthy lifestyle behaviors.
According to the Center for Disease Control (2015), regular physical activity is one of the most important things people can do for their health. Engaging in regular exercise can help control weight, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and metabolic disorders, reduce risks of some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, improve mental health and mood plus improve the ability for daily activity and reduce the risk of falls. It is imperative that we increase awareness about healthy lifestyle baheviors among the population in order to achieve longevity and a good quality of life. (Adams J et al, 2016).
- Examine the relation between food and diseases.
- Discuss what a healthy lifestyle is, with a focus on food and physical activity.
- Apply the knowledge into practice regarding food labelling and grocery store tour.
|Time ||Topic |
|3.00pm - 3.15pm ||Introduction|
- The overall picture of the relation between food and lack of exercise and chronic disease.
- Key principles of healthy eating.
|3.15pm - 3.50pm ||Putting things in context/interactive discussion |
Grocery store tour
- Easy healthy snacks.
- Nutrition facts and myths.
|3.50pm - 4.05pm ||Coffee break|
|4.05pm - 5.00pm ||Small group activity (using mind map or Lego)|
- The importance of exercise.
- Barriers and solutions.
|5.00pm - 5.15pm ||Reporting/Wrap-up|
- WHO (2016) Obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, alcohol and tobacco: The World Health Organization’s response. [Online] Available from: http://www.who.int/whr/media_centre/factsheet3/en/ [Accessed: 4 November 2018]
- CDC (2015) Physical Activity and Health. [Online] https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm[Accessed: 4 November 2018]
- Adams J, Mytton O, White M, MonsivaisP (2016) Why Are Some Population Interventions for Diet and Obesity More Equitable and Effective Than Others? The Role of Individual Agency. PLoS Med 13(4): e1001990. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001990
- WHO (2018). Physical Active Online] Available from: http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity[Accessed: 4 November 2018]