Her Excellency Dr. Ghalia is Chairperson of the Clinical Steering Planning Committee and Member of the Board of Governors for Sidra Medical and Research Centre; Member of the Board of Governors for Supreme Council for Health; Consultant Pediatrician at Hamad Medical Corporation; Co-Chair Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar Joint Advisory Board and the Chairperson for Qatar Foundation for Child & Woman Protection. In 2005, she was Chair of the Board of Directors of the National Health Authority in Qatar, then went on to become Minister of Health until 2009.
She qualified as an MD from the University of Jordan in 1987 and went on to specialize in pediatrics in London where she attained her MRCP (UK) in 1992. She was elected as a member of the British Pediatric Association in May 1995 and elected as a Fellow of the Royal College for Pediatrics & Child Health (FRCPCH) in March 1998.
She later went on to sub-specialize in pediatric gastroenterology and established the pediatric G.I. and Hepatology section at the Hamad Medical Cooperation where she continues to practice. She also held the position of pediatric department chair for 9 years 1996-2005.
She began working in the social sector in 1998, when she became a committee member and later Chair of the Committee of People with Special Needs. During her time with the committee, the world famous Shafallah Center for children with special needs was established. She later became Chair of the Committee of Childhood which belongs to the Supreme Council of Family Affairs.
In 2001, Dr Ghalia was elected to be a member of the UN Committee on the Rights of The Child. She was re-elected with the highest number of votes in February 2005.